Social inequalities cast shadow over Bristol’s success in sustainability and job creation, report reveals

September 23, 2022

Carbon emissions and unemployment have fallen significantly in Bristol over the past decade, according to a new report – but major challenges around social inequalities and poverty remain and are set to deepen as the cost of living crisis worsens.

The research, which measures how Bristol is meeting the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), shows carbon dioxide emissions in the city decreased by 29% between 2015 and 2021, while its potential renewable energy capacity increased by more than 60% and renewable energy generation grew by over 10%.

At the same time, unemployment dropped from more than one in 20 (5.3%) in 2015 to 4% in 2021.

But the report, produced by the University of Bristol Cabot Institute for the Environment and Bristol City Council, also highlights areas of growing challenge.

It reveals that levels of employment vary by demographics. In 2021, 80.4% of men aged 16-64 were employed compared to 77.2% of women. In the same year, the employment rate for ethnic minorities was significantly lower at 68.2%.

At the same time, more children in Bristol are receiving free school meals now than in 2016: especially in disadvantaged parts of the city, where this applies on average to not far from half of children (43.3%).

Housing costs are also placing a greater strain on people’s finances, particularly families.

The number of children living in low-income families has declined slightly from 18% in 2015 to 17.8% in 2021.

But the number of children living in poverty after housing costs are taken into account has risen from 30.1% to almost a third (32.6%) over the same period.

This puts Bristol further above the regional average of 25% and national average of 29%.

Report co-author Dr Sean Fox, associate professor in global development at the university, said: “Given the unprecedented events of the past three years, it is not surprising progress has been mixed.

“On the positive side, there has been growth in the share of renewable energy in our overall energy mix and a reduction in the carbon intensity of our economic output.

“But we have also seen an increase in poverty, which is exacerbated by a housing affordability crisis and now a wider cost of living crisis.”

As the UN goals are built on the understanding that environmental, economic and social sustainability are intertwined, the report covers a wide range of topics such as poverty and inequality in the city, trends in energy consumption and waste, and unemployment and infrastructure development.

Although the SDGs were ratified by national governments, it is widely recognised that achieving these goals requires local engagement and action, particularly through city governments and institutions like universities.

Bristol’s active engagement with this global agenda started in 2015 and the University of Bristol has been providing dedicated academic support to the council and local stakeholders.

This led to Bristol being the first UK city to publish what is known as a Voluntary Local Review (VLR) of progress towards the SDGs in 2019 when its report was presented at the UN by Mayor Marvin Rees.

Continuing the work to keep Bristol at the forefront of global efforts to localise the SDGs in cities, the report – launched during Global Goals Week – summarises progress across all 17 SDGs by drawing on dozens of data sources.

Mayor of Bristol Marvin Rees said: “We’re working as One City to support Bristolians with the rising cost of living and tackle poverty.

“With the Sustainable Development Goals embedded in our approach, we are building the new affordable homes our city needs, getting more than 5,000 workers a pay rise onto the real Living Wage, and strengthening the social infrastructure that’s helping to feed and support people who might otherwise be left behind.

“As we tackle the climate and ecological emergencies, we continue to build on our success reducing carbon emissions and this report is crucial in measuring that progress.

“I am proud to have secured an initial investment of £424m in our City Leap clean energy programme – securing hundreds of new jobs for our city, creating cheaper, greener heat and energy, and further reducing emissions by another 140,000 tonnes over the next five years.”

University of Bristol vice-chancellor and president Prof Evelyn Welch added: “I am passionate about making sure we’re as much a university for Bristol as the University of Bristol, working closely with civic partners to serve wider local communities.

“Bristol is an exceptional city and while strong progress is being made in certain areas, significant challenges also remain which could be exacerbated by the cost of living crisis.

“For instance, it’s clear there is still much to do in terms of equity and inclusion and I am committed to helping tackle these issues, pulling together with partners to address this jointly as a priority.”

Pictured at the launch of the report, from left: Jenny Foster, Global Goals Centre; Marvin Rees, Mayor of Bristol; Allan Macleod, Bristol City Office; Dr Sean Fox, University of Bristol

Comments are closed.


Reach tens of thousands of senior business people across Bristol for just £120 a month. Email for more information.